1.25L suicides in '08, 14 every hour-Vidarbha Tops in India
1.25L suicides in '08, 14 every hour
Vishwa Mohan , TNN, Feb 24, 2010, 03.23am IST
NEW DELHI: India reported 14 suicides every hour during 2008 -- a year, which saw a total of 1,25,017 people of different ages take the extreme step due to various reasons, ranging from family problem and illness to bankruptcy and poverty.
Though the year reported an increase of 1.9% over the previous year's (2007) total suicide figure (1,22,637), there was a marginal decline in suicide among farmers, a trend which has continued since 2006.
As compared to 17,060 farmers' suicide in 2006, the year 2007 witnessed 16,632 suicides which further declined to 16,196 in 2008. This decline is mainly due to lesser number of farmer suicides in Maharashtra, the worst state in terms of such incidents over the years. While 4,238 farmers in the state committed suicide in 2007, the figure for 2008 was 3,802 with the Vidarbha region being the focal point of this reportedly debt-driven act.
The other states with a history of a large number of farmer suicide -- Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh -- however continued to see an increasing trend.
According to the latest data, compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for 2008, Karnataka with more farmer suicides replaced Kerala in the list of top five states having the dubious distinction of reporting such acts over the years.
A definite trend was also noticed among different states which, perhaps, speaks volumes about the `psychological state' of people than their actual difficulties.
Incidentally, it was not the comparitively poor states like Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh, which witnessed suicides in higher numbers. The dubious distiction, in fact, went to the comparitively richer states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
Poverty was surprisingly not the major instigator as more number of people committed suicide due to family (23.8%) and health problems (21.9%) than love affairs, bankruptcy or sudden change in economic status, dowry disputes and poverty.
Analyzing the suicide figures for 2008, NCRB observed that social and economic causes led most of the males to commit suicide whereas emotional and personal causes mainly drove females to end their lives. The overall male:female ratio of suicide victims for the year was 64:36. However, the proportion of boys:girls suicide victims (upto 14 years of age) was 49:51.
Among the states, though West Bengal had reported the highest number (13.3%) of suicides during the year 2006, its share went down to 12.1% in 2007 and declined further to 11.9% in 2008. Five states -- Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh -- accounted for 64.6% of suicide victims in the age group 60 years and above.
The number of suicides in 35 mega cities reported an increasing trend from 2004 to 2007. But 2008 saw a decline -- 13,071 from the previous year's figure of 14,336. Four metropolitan cities -- Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai and Delhi -- reported higher number of suicides. These four cities together accounted for almost 45% of the total suicides reported from the 35 mega cities.
VIDARBHA JANANDOLAN SAMITI PRESIDENT – KISHORE TIWARI, B.E. (Mech.Engg.), M.B.A., LL.B., M.A. (Pub. & Admn.), M.A. Sociology, M.I.S. (USA), Fellow - I.E.H., Fellow – Institution of Engineers (India)- CHARTERED ENGINEER BACKGROUND : Vidarbha Jan Andolan Samiti is fighting for the cause of common man since 1998. Vidarbha Jan Andolan Samiti is constantly pursuing its battle on various fronts like – a.Administrative b.Judicial c.Quasi-judicial d.Legislative e.Parliamentary f.International levels PUBLIC ISSUES : 1.Farmers suicides 2.Mal nutrition of Tribals. 3.Plights of Rural economy 4.Drinking water 5.Right to Food 6.Right to Education 7.Problems of Minorities 8.Issue of Separate Statehood to Vidarbha THE EFFECT OF MOVEMENT : The continued follow up and Jan Andolans of Vidarbha Jan Andolan Samiti has resulted in many success broadly classified as – 1.Waiver of small farmers crop loans 2.interest remission to marginal farmers 3.right to food to the lacs of tribals. 4.Primary Education to every rural students. 5.Farmers packages 6.BPL benefits to thousands of poor families. 7.Justice to unwed mothers